Essays on Contemporary Issues and debates in Muslims Societies
Muhammad Khalid Masud
In recent Years Shari’a has become of the most debated issues in media, on campuses, and among policy conversations. This book, Shari’a debates in Pakistan and abroad. Some of these essays have been already published as acknowledging below with thanks to the publishers.
- “Introduction” in Muhammad Khalid Masud (Editor), Islamic Laws and Women in the Modern World (Giant Forum, Islamabad, 1996), pp-32.
- Muslim Jurists Quest for the Normative Basis of Shari’a (Leiden: ISIM, 2000).
- “The changing Concepts of Caliphate – Social Construction of Shari’a and the Question of Ethics,” in Kari Vogt, Lena Larsen and Christian Moe, New Directions in Islamic Thought, Exploring Reform and Muslims Tradition, London: I. B. Tauris, 2009), pp.187-205.
- “The Construction and Deconstruction of Secularism as an Ideology in Contemporary Muslim Thought” in Asian Journal of Social Sciences, Vol. 33, No. 3 (2005), 363-383.
- “Teaching of Islamic Law and Shari’ah: Acritical Evaluation of the Present and Prospect for the Future”, Islamic Studies, 44(2005): 2: 165-189.
- “The Doctrine of Siyasa in Islamic Law,” RIMO, Recht van de Islam 18 (2001), pp. 1-29.
These essays have been slightly revised to adapt to the needs of the present book. Together these essays address the following issues in the recent debates on Shari’a: challenges of modernity, epistemological crisis, normativity, Muslim minorities, democracy, secularism, fundamentalism, authority and power, legal, education, theories of the state, rule of law and governance. An introduction to the book discusses the Shari’a as a concept of law.
After a general introduction to the traditional concept of law in Islam, Chapter 2 introduces the Objectives of shari’a, the theory of the Objectives of law in Islam that goes beyond the legal methods of analogical reasoning. Although part of Islamic legal theories since the formative period and systematized in the fourteenth century, the Objective debates on Shari’a explain the reasons how the challenges posed by modernity are calling for revisiting the theories of Shari’a. Chapter 3 discusses how Muhammad Iqbal reconstructs the theory of Ijtihad, and chapter 4 overviews Muslim jurists’ continuous quest for normative basis in modern times, particularly since eighteenth century.
Chapters 6 to 11 focus on specific Islamic legal doctrines that gained prominence in modern Muslim politics. These chapters respectively discuss the issues of minorities, Islamic ideology, democracy, secularism, gender equality, and governance. The last chapter offers an overview of the teaching of Shari’a in modern times.
Hopefully, the book will be useful for students, researchers, teachers and policymakers interested in Islamic law and Shari’a in Muslims and secular contexts.